Nginx 常用配置清单

![640 1.webp](https://xdlumia.oss-cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/blog/images/2021/07/1626231235215.webp) Nginx 是一个高性能的 HTTP 和反向代理 web 服务器,同时也提供了 IMAP/POP3/SMTP 服务,其因丰富的功能集、稳定性、示例配置文件和低系统资源的消耗受到了开发者的欢迎。 本文,我们总结了一些常用的 Nginx 配置代码,希望对大家有所帮助。 **侦听端口** ```json server { # Standard HTTP Protocol listen 80; # Standard HTTPS Protocol listen 443 ssl; # For http2 listen 443 ssl http2; # Listen on 80 using IPv6 listen [::]:80; # Listen only on using IPv6 listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on; } ``` **访问日志** ```json server { # Relative or full path to log file access_log /path/to/file.log; # Turn 'on' or 'off' access_log on; } ``` **域名** ```json server { # Listen to yourdomain.com server_name yourdomain.com; # Listen to multiple domains server_name yourdomain.com www.yourdomain.com; # Listen to all domains server_name *.yourdomain.com; # Listen to all top-level domains server_name yourdomain.*; # Listen to unspecified Hostnames (Listens to IP address itself) server_name ""; } ``` **静态资产** ```json server { listen 80; server_name yourdomain.com; location / { root /path/to/website; } } ``` **重定向** ```json server { listen 80; server_name www.yourdomain.com; return 301 http://yourdomain.com$request_uri; } server { listen 80; server_name www.yourdomain.com; location /redirect-url { return 301 http://otherdomain.com; } } ``` **反向代理** ```json server { listen 80; server_name yourdomain.com; location / { proxy_pass http://0.0.0.0:3000; # where 0.0.0.0:3000 is your application server (Ex: node.js) bound on 0.0.0.0 listening on port 3000 } } ``` **负载均衡** ```json upstream node_js { server 0.0.0.0:3000; server 0.0.0.0:4000; server 123.131.121.122; } server { listen 80; server_name yourdomain.com; location / { proxy_pass http://node_js; } } ``` **SSL 协议** ```json server { listen 443 ssl; server_name yourdomain.com; ssl on; ssl_certificate /path/to/cert.pem; ssl_certificate_key /path/to/privatekey.pem; ssl_stapling on; ssl_stapling_verify on; ssl_trusted_certificate /path/to/fullchain.pem; ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; ssl_session_timeout 1h; ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m; add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15768000; } # Permanent Redirect for HTTP to HTTPS server { listen 80; server_name yourdomain.com; return 301 https://$host$request_uri; } ``` 其实可以采用可视化的方式对 Nginx 进行配置,我在 GitHub 上发现了一款可以一键生成 Nginx 配置的神器,相当给力。 先来看看它都支持什么功能的配置:反向代理、HTTPS、HTTP/2、IPv6, 缓存、WordPress、CDN、Node.js 支持、 Python (Django) 服务器等等。 如果你想在线进行配置,只需要打开网站:https://nginxconfig.io/,按照自己的需求进行操作就行了。 选择你的场景,填写好参数,系统就会自动生成配置文件。 开源地址:github.com/digitalocean/nginxconfig.io 网站:digitalocean.com/community/tools/nginx

赶快写下您的第一条评论吧